Australia is a country known for its modernization and urbanization which accounts for its Western living and culture, but there is something fascinating about this advanced nation, which has always made it an attraction for the Western world. It is home to creatures like koalas and kangaroos, which are found nowhere else in the world and the culture of the country, is also very different.
Here are 10 interesting facts about Australia, which might be very new for you:
#1. Smallest Continent and Largest Island
Geographically speaking, Australia is the smallest continent and the largest island, measuring nearly 7.6 million sq km in area. It also happens to be the sixth largest country in the world. Interestingly, the country itself occupies the whole of the continent, which makes it unique in a sense. The population of the country is however small in comparison with its size. Additionally, Australia is the third largest ocean territory, which spans three oceans and covers nearly 12 million sq km.
#2. Driest Continent in the World
Australia is the driest continent on the earth, with low level of annual rainfall in the interior and almost three quarter of the land coming in the category of arid or semi arid areas. On the other hand, extensive farming and excellent supply of water in the fertile area compensates for the unfavorable weather and soil conditions and makes Australia a rich producer of crops.
Despite being one of the biggest countries of the world, its population is just over 20 million. Melbourne in Australia is the city which is home to the second largest Greek population in the world, just after Athens in Greece. A large chunk of the population lives in the coastal regions, which makes Australia the largest urbanized coastal dwelling nation in the world.
#4. Longest Fence in the World
Australia features the longest fence in the world, which starts at Jimbour in Queensland and reaches to the Great Australian Bight in South Australia, spanning a length of 5614 km. the fence is called by different names in different states, such as the Dog Fence, Dingo Fence, Border Fence or Wild Dog Fence.
#5. Longest Straight Section Road in the World
The longest straight section road is located in Australia and is a part of the Eyre Highway in Western Australia. it traverses a distance of 146.6 km between Balladonia and Caiguna and does not take a single turn along the way.
#6. Longest Straight Section Railway in the World
Besides the longest straight section road, Australia also has the longest straight section railway in the world. A part of Trans Australian Railway, the straight track of 478 km between Ooldea and Loongana registers itself as the longest stretch of straight section railway in the world.
#7. Aboriginal Australians
Aboriginals were the first race to settle in Australia and these were the people whose ancestors lived in the mainland as well as the island of Tasmania, long before the British established a colony here. However, these people were deprived of the right to vote till 1967.
#8. Largest Cattle Station in the World
Anna Creek Station in South Australia is the largest cattle station in the world, which spans an area of 24000 sq km, beating Alexandria Station in the Northern Territory by 8000 sq km. this means that the country houses the two biggest cattle stations.
#9. Flourishing Economy
Australia is one of the most advanced economies in the world, with the annual GDP reaching to $ 1.57 trillion in the past few years. It registers high growth, low inflation, efficient government sector and competitive business sector, making it one of the best places to live in.
#10. Cultural and Linguistic Diversity
Australia has people from all around the world living here and has more than 200 languages spoken, which makes it culturally and linguistically diverse nation. Also, it has amazing flora and fauna, which makes it even more attractive.
All these interesting facts about Australia account for its huge popularity as a tourist destination as it allures people from around the world to come and visit or settle here.