Mosquitoes are one of the ill health causing organisms throughout the whole world. They are small in size but can cause much severe diseases that can cause straight death of the person. According to the researches on various aspects of mosquitoes, there are about 3000 different species of mosquitoes across the world and almost 176 of them are known to world.
Mosquitoes can be annoying and so they are harmful to the man’s domain. They get interfere in the work of the men and so cause ill health of them. Here are the 10 most deadly diseases that can be caused by mosquitoes:
10. Dog Heartworm
It is a parasitic roundworm that is transferred from host to host through the bite of the mosquitoes. This disease is common in USA and Canada where pets are more common to the houses and the vectors of this disease feed on the blood of the pets. This mosquito borne disease can eventually cause the heart failure and the death of the persons.
9. Yellow Fever
Among the list of the deadly diseases caused by the mosquitoes is the yellow fever which is also known as yellow jack, yellow plague or bronze john. It is an acute viral disease which is caused by the biting of the female mosquitoes. The symptoms of this infection include loss of appetite, fever, chills, nausea, back pain and the stomach ache. Also coupled with the damage of liver and that causes to yellow the skin and hence the name, Yellow Fever.
8. West Nile virus
This virus is caused by the dangerous mosquito, Culex mosquitoes, which are native to temperate and tropical regions of the world. This disease is mostly common in the animals and birds but according to recent reports, this virus is also found in the cells of humans and it badly affects the blood circulation of the body and causes the respective diseases that are caused by the ineffective blood supply. This disease is transferred from the mother to the children through the breastfeeding. The worse conditions can lead to coma and even death of the person.
7. Western Equine Encephalitis
This disease is relatively uncommon but is one of the deadliest diseases that are caused by the mosquitoes. This disease is caused by the bite of the Culex tarsalis and it can cause severe sequelae in the new born. This disease is currently incurable and no vaccine is available in US.
6. LaCrosse Encephalitis
This disease is mostly common to the state like Mississippi but is uncommon to the other parts of the world. Almost 90 cases of this disease occur in the state of Mississippi. This disease is transmitted to the humans by the biting of the infected mosquito. The initial symptoms of this disease are fever, headache, vomiting and fatigue.
5. Louis Encephalitis
This disease is one of the common and the deadliest diseases that are caused by the mosquitoes. This is also caused by the biting of the infected mosquito that has lived in the eastern states of United States. The symptoms of this disease are headache, fever, nausea and the severe neuroinvasive disease that involves the swelling and the enlargement of brain. If left untreated, it can cause the death of the person.
4. Eastern Equine Encephalitis
Commonly known as Triple E, or sleeping sickness, is one of the most deadly and the common diseases that are caused by the bite of mosquitoes. This disease is common in the areas like Central and North and South America with the Caribbean. It is the common disease to humans and horses. And the symptoms in humans include muscle pain, high fever, headache and the meningeal irritation.
3. Japanese Encephalitis
The disease is common to Asia and is native to Japan, hence the name. This is the disease that directly attacks the brain of the victim and causes the symptoms like high temperature, convulsions, coma and the severe headache.
One of the common diseases that is caused by the bite of female Anopheles mosquito. This disease is common to all the parts of the world and its symptoms include fever, chills, sweating and flu.
1. Dengue Fever
No doubt, the recent but the most deadly disease caused by the mosquitoes is dengue fever that is common among the people of tropical and subtropical climates. The symptoms of this disease are bleeding, fever, joint pain and rashes on the body.