While nature has bestowed us with beautiful wildlife, a multitude of bizarre, beautiful yet terrestrial and aerial species, it has not boycotted the aquatic fauna too. From scary to intriguingly beautiful, here’s a list of ten amazing organisms inhabiting the dark depths of seas and oceans.
10. Dumbo Octopus
The funny and surprising name Dumbo octopus has been derived from the fact that their fins resemble Dumbo, the Disney elephant’s ears. There are at the least 15 identified species of Dumbo octopuses, all having arms connected by a web of skin, making these creatures resemble umbrellas when the arms are spread apart. They live in the deep open ocean at depths of about 13, 100 feet (4000 m). Dumbo octopuses are naturally rare, as they are not easily captured because of their preference for such extreme depths. The females are able to store the sperm for long periods of time, even after mating and can transfer the sperm to the egg when conditions are favorable. Dumbo octopuses’ locomote by flapping their ear-like fins slowly, using their arms to steer. They eat invertebrates that swim above the seabed. Primary predators like sharks, tunas, and dolphins threaten Dumbo octopuses.
9. Barreleye Fish
This is a type of transparent-headed fish, inhabiting the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian oceans at a depth of 1100 meters. The telescoping eyes in the transparent, barrel-shaped head, secludes it totally from other fishes. These highly sensitive eyes can sense predators easily. The transparent head and tubular eyes help them detect any incident light inside the deep ocean. Barreleye fishes attain up to a maximum size of 6 inches and prefer to remain stationary within the water and feed on jellies.
8. Frilled Sharks
This rare and mysterious creature belongs to the shark family and is counted as one of the oldest species of animals in the world. They are found at a depth of 1500 meters inhabiting the Pacific Ocean. The frilled sharks can grow up to a size of 5 feet, and have sharp teeth remarkably in 25 different rows! This strange large mouth is entirely different from that of the other members of a shark family. Frilled sharks have the ability to bend their body when about to catch their prey. Many researchers insist that look like a snake at the time of predation.
7. Fangtooth Fish
Unlike the scary nomenclature they have, fangtooth fishes are harmless to humans, although its teeth are proportionately the largest of those found in the mouths of any fish in the ocean. Counted amongst the deepest-living fish ever discovered, this creature normal resides at depths of 6,500 feet (2,000 meters) but has also been found swimming in the cold, crushing depths of about 16,500 feet (5,000 meters). Fangtooth fishes grow up to about six inches (16 centimeters) in length only.
6. Bloody Belly Comb Jelly
Bloody Belly Comb Jelly is also known as Lampocteis and found deep within the Pacific ocean. They possess a jelly-like body and can grow up to 15cm. the tongue twister nomenclature is coined this peculiar variant of the jellyfish family, due to the fact that they usually are found in deep red colors, sometimes also in purple. Quite on the contrary of the thinking that its bright red color will make it an easily visible prey, the organism is masked in the water by this same deep red color. The beautiful creature has no stinging tentacles and possesses numerous tiny hair-like cilia on their body, which continuously beat back and forth thus propelling the organism in the direction of movement.
5. The Colossal Squid
This one is not a misnomer as the colossal squid truly grows to lengths of between 12-14m roughly can be estimated as about the size of a bus. Only the tentacles of the squid were first discovered in 1925, inside the belly of a sperm whale. The first complete organism was found 2003 close to the surface. In 2007, a 10-meter large squid, the largest ever captured, was found in the Ross Sea. This monstrous creature is now on display in the Te Papa museum in Wellington, New Zealand. The squid is thought to be a slow ambush predator, that preys on large fish and other squids and attract their prey with bioluminescence. Scarily, scars have been observed on the bodies of sperm whales, which researchers believe to have been made by the swiveling hooks present on the tentacles of a colossal squid.
4. Eastern Pacific Black Ghost Shark
Discovered in 2009 in the dark depths of the California coast, this mysterious shark is believed to have branched away several hundred million years ago from the shark species and survived by occupying these great depths. The ghost shark has fins and uses them to ‘fly’ through the water. Quite surprisingly, the male shark possesses a retractable, club-like sexual organ that protrudes out from its forehead.
3. Giant Spider Crab
Regarded as the largest arthropods on Earth these rare, leggy crabs are native to the waters off Japan. The giant spider crab can measure up to 12 feet (3.7 meters).
2. Goblin Shark
While sharks can be weird and dangerous looking, the goblin shark has surpassed all levels of weird and dangerous. It has a long, trowel-shaped snout, which is electro-sensitive and helps replace sight at hundred meters depth. Attaining a length of up to 4.5 meters, the goblin shark has a skin that lets out a more pink hue instead of the regular gray. The scariest feature of the goblin shark is its jaws. These jaws protrude from the shark’s face when biting its prey, thus compensating for the long snout. In 1985, this peculiar fish was discovered off eastern Australia. In 2003, after an earthquake in Taiwan, more than a hundred sharks were caught.
1. Sparkling Enope Squid (Firefly Squid)
Found in the waters of the Western Pacific Ocean, most famously aggregating in masses to spawn off the coast of Japan during spring, the firefly squid grows no longer than three inches in length and is attributed for one of the most beautiful visual displays ever seen. It is covered with thousands of photophores that are light-emitting organs and can blink either in unison or individually. Numerous tourists witness the brilliant light display each year.