Many times in the history of human existence, mankind has faced the wrath of nature in the form of natural calamities such as floods, cyclones, famines and worst of all, earthquakes. The worst thing about earthquakes is that no one can predict them and this is the very reason why they cause such an immense damage to life and property.
Here is the list of 10 strongest and largest earthquakes in history:
10. Assam Tibet Earthquake
The Assam Tibet Earthquake of 1950 is regarded as one of the strongest in the history, with a magnitude of 8.6 on Richter Scale. It caused destructive landslides and fissures and killed nearly 780 people and making thousands homeless.
9. Northern Sumatra Earthquake, Indonesia
Another powerful earthquake was recorded in world history on 28th March, 2005 when North Sumatra in Indonesia was shaken by tremors of 8.6 in magnitude. It registered a death toll of 1300, most of them on the island of Nias.
8. Rat Islands Earthquake, Alaska
The Rat Islands in Alaska experienced a huge earthquake of 8.7 magnitude on 4th February, 1965, which also resulted in a 30 foot high tsunami. The damage, however, was not extensive due to the remote location of the affected area.
7. Ecuador Columbia Earthquake
Next on the list of 10 strongest earthquakes in history is the one which rocked Ecuador and Columbia on 31st January, 1906. It measured 8.8 on Richter Scale and cause a destructive tsunami, which killed 1500 people and also resulted in huge damage to property.
6. Offshore Maule, Chile
The deadly earthquake of intensity 8.8 which hit six regions in Chile, is regarded as the sixth strongest earthquake in the history of mankind. The calamity struck on 27th February, 2010 and as many as 525 casualties were reported, along with many others who went missing.
5. Kamchatka Earthquake, Russia
With the intensity of 9.0 on Richter Scale, Kamchatka Earthquake of Russia make it next on this list. The tremors hit the eastern coast of Kamchatka on 4th November, 1952 and caused a tsunami which rose to an incredible height of 43 feet. The quake caused great loss of life and property in the region.
4. Tohoku Earthquake, Japan
Another powerful earthquake which has etched a memory in world history is the Tohoku Earthquake, which hit Oshika Peninsula of Tohoku in Japan on 11th March, 2011. With a magnitude of 9.3, this undersea earthquake and tsunami caused a death toll of 15870.
3. Indian Ocean Earthquake
No one can ever forget the destructive Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami of 26th December, 2004. It measured 9.1 on the Richter Scale and killed more than 230000 people due to the devastating tsunamis in the coastal regions of Indonesia, south India, Sri Lanka and Thailand.
2. Great Alaskan Earthquake
Next on the list of strongest earthquakes in history comes the Great Alaskan Earthquake, which rocked south central Alaska on the evening of Good Friday, 27th March, 1964. The magnitude of the four minute long quake was 9.2 and it resulted in massive landslides, tsunamis and ground fissures, claiming 143 lives and huge loss of property.
1. Valdivia Earthquake, Southern Chile
The strongest earthquake known to man is the Valdivian Earthquake, which struck the Southern part of Chile on the fateful afternoon of 22nd May, 1960. The quake measured a tumultuous 9.5 on Richter scale and claimed 1655 lives and injured thousands more. It caused a huge tsunami, which left countless people homeless and caused damages worth millions.
All these quakes have taken huge toll of life and property and will always be remembered as some of the strongest in the world.