The world has seen advances in Science and technology in recent times. However, it has not come in a single day. The great minds of Science have worked since ancient times to shape up the future like this. There have been many scientists who contributed to make the world a better place to live. However, the major contributions of the scientists have been to know and understand the world better. Here are 20 greatest scientists who have changed the future and made the world better and advanced.
20. Paul Dirac
Paul Dirac, 1902- 1984, the great physicist is known for his early development of both quantum mechanics and quantum electrodynamics. He went on to formulate the Dirac equation that described the behavior of fermions and predicted the existence of antimatter. He was awarded with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physics in 1933 for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory. His contribution towards science and physics cannot be ignored.
19. Ernest Rutherford
He was one of the most prominent scientists ever born in the world. Ernest Rutherford, 1871-1937, was a New Zealand-born British physicist. He is referred as the father of nuclear physics. He won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1908. He received the award for his investigations into the disintegration of the elements, and the chemistry of radioactive substances. He has given many game changing theories to modern physics like Rutherford model of the atom, Rutherford scattering in his gold foil experiment, nuclear reaction between nitrogen and alpha particles are few of the breakthrough theories by him.
18. Linus Pauling
Linus Pauling is one of the famous Chemist and Biochemist who contributed for the Quantum Chemistry and Molecular Chemistry. He is one of the two persons in the world who won Nobel Prize for two different fields. He won Nobel Prize for the Chemistry and Peace. He has done great work on DNA Structures, Orthomolecular Medicine, Megavitamin Therapy and others. Linus Pauling, 1901-1994 is considered as one of the pioneering scientists in the world.
17. Werner Heisenberg
Werner Heisenberg, 1901-1976, is known for his Quantum Mechanism. He is famous for his Uncertainty Principle. He has created the Quantum Mechanics and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1932. He came to controversy for his work during World War II. He has done immense contribution to physics.
16. Franz Boas
Franz Boas, 1858-1942, was one of the greatest scientists in the world. He is considered as the Father of American Anthropology. He was also one of the opponents of Scientific Racism. He also introduced the cultural relativism.
15. James Clerk Maxwell
James Clerk Maxwell, 1831-1879, was a mathematical physics. He has great contribution for Electromagnetic Radiation; Magnetism and Maxwell’s equation of the Electromagnetism is called as one of the best thing in Physics. His most significant work on Physics is A Dynamic Theory of the Electromagnetic Field. He is considered as one of the best known scientists of modern physics.
14. Michael Faraday
Michael Faraday, 1791-1867, is known for his notable work on Electromagnetism and Electrochemistry. He discovered three of the most crucial things in the Electromagnetism. Electromagnetic Induction, diamagnetism and Electrolysis are the three major discoveries that changed the physics.
13. Nicolaus Copernicus
He was a revolutionary renaissance mathematician and astronomer. Nicolaus Copernicus 1473-1573, made the model of the universe and said that Earth is revolving around the Sun. He first injected the Science and Logic in the world.
12. Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler, 1571-1630, was a renowned mathematician and astronomer who changed the science for space. He has given the foundation for the space research. Even Isaac Newton used his theories for Universal Gravitation.
11. Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
He is one of the chemists who has huge influence in the field of chemistry and biology. He is called as the Father of Modern Chemistry. He coined the term Oxygen and Hydrogen. He was the scientist who first wrote list of elements and constructed the metric system. However, this is not the end as he also the person behind the modern chemical nomenclature. He was the first one to identify Sulfur as an element rather than compound. However, he is still known for his discovery that a matter changes the shape or the form but the mass remains the same.