A first aid kit is something essential for every home and as a matter of fact, for every car too because you may require it at any time and anywhere. Having an elementary first aid is not enough, but you also have to ensure that it is well stocked at all the time so that you have everything you need at the time of emergency.
Here are a few tips which will help you stock your home first aid kit with all that you may need in future
The most important component of a first aid kit is assorted bandages of various shapes and sizes because they are just the right things to stop blood flow as well as entry of infection in the wounds, in an emergency situation before you get medical help. You must keep plenty of them, ranging from small ones for fingers and knuckles to larger ones and triangular ones.
2. Cotton balls and swabs
Cotton balls and swabs is something you would absolutely need for giving first aid, as they can be used for wiping the wounds as well as applying medicine of them without any risk of infection.
3. Sterile Dressing
The next thing which is essential to a well stocked first aid kit is sterile gauze which will come handy in case of bleeding as well as other injuries as it is used to cover the wound and stop bleeding. Adhesive tape is another thing which would be needed to hold the sterile bandage in its place.
4. Hand Sanitizer
There may be situations when you do not get the chance to wash your hands in emergency and have to get to work directly. This is the time when keeping a hand sanitizer in your first aid kit would help.
5. Antiseptic Solution and Ointment
A well stocked first aid kit must also have an antiseptic lotion and ointment, so that you can do both, clean the wound with the lotion as well as start the healing process with the help of antiseptic ointment. Other skin ointments for allergies should also be useful.
6. First Aid Equipment
First aid equipment includes some items of use such as scissors, tweezers and protective gloves. Scissors would be needed all the time to cut the bandages and tapes, while tweezers will come handy to remove splinters, debris and ticks. Similarly, using protective medicated gloves ensures that you do not pass infections to the open wounds. A cold pack is also a necessary item in the first aid kit as it will be needed for traumatic injuries related to bones and muscles.
Another must have thing in your home first aid kit is a simple thermometer, which is generally ignored by most of the people. But it is a necessary item as you need to assess the condition of the patient before taking the requisite action for giving him first aid and a thermometer will help you do just that.
In addition to lotions and ointments, certain emergency medicines which need to be kept in your first aid kit are laxatives, anti diarrhea medicines, pain killers, low dose aspirin, anti acids, fever, cough and cold medicines, anti allergic medicines and some others specific to the needs of the family. Also, keep eyewash handy.
In the end, keep a diary with all the important emergency numbers as well as details of medical history of the family members in the first aid kit. The kit should be neither too big nor too small in size. Appraise it regularly to dispose the expired items and refresh the stocks as and when needed. You should also learn first aid training for your basic knowledge.