If you thought that it’s only the humans who make intricate homes, then you stand a chance to be corrected. The animal kingdom also abound with talented architects. Some of these complex structures by animals include termite molds, wasps and bee hive, burrows beaver dams among others. Many atimes, you’ll find these structures incorporated with ventilations, strength parameters, temperature regulators, escape routes, trap and even bait. Let’s take a look at ten animals that built sophisticated structures.
10. Social Weaver
These birds make permanent and communal nests. They usually build them on tall trees and other high-rise objects. The birds are known for building the largest nests ever, that can house several generations, and up to 100 birds.
9. Weaver Ant
Ants do build colonies inside anthills. The ant uses the larval silk and living leaves to build their nests. The effect of the silk is to make the nestswater proof.
8. Vogelkop Bowerbird
The male bowerbird uses grass and sticks to build bowers. Through these bowers, they are able to attract female mates. They arrange berries, flowers, beetles and other attractive objects to create a nice bower design. This attempt is for the purpose of outdoing the neighboringbirds and attracting the female birds.
7. Cathedral Termite
I would describe the termites that live in houses as lazy ones.These termites use mud, chewed wood, their own saliva and feces, to build self-sustaining mounds, which are centrally air-conditioned. This is enhanced by the north-to-south construction and tunnels that run throughout the mound that ensure temperature and air regulation. There are even small motel-rooms, for mating.
6. Trapdoor Spider
Spiders do make their own webs, but some do a great job. They build webs together over vast lands. The trapdoor spiders don’t make webs, but instead live underground in burrows. They use soil, vegetation and silk to construct doors for their houses. They even use spider silk to build door hinges to facilitate opening. The door is therefore completely hidden , hence the name trapdoor.
5. Montezuma Oropendola
They build nests that hang from leaves of trees, and it is unusual to get isolated nests. They use grass and small vines to build their nests. These nests can house over 20 birds.
4. Paper Wasp
The paper wasps are known for building attractive nests. They build their nests out of fibers, dead wood and tree stems. They use resins and their saliva to bind the material, while some other species use mud. These nests have open combs with cells and a constricted stalk for anchorage. They have a chemical secretion, that the spread around the base of the nest to repel ants and prevent eggs loss.
3. Red Ovenbird
Mud and dung are the key materials the ovenbird uses to make their nests. Most of the times, the nests are constructed on trees, posts or even poles. They set their nests to face away from the winds, a good conditions for the incubation of the eggs.
2. Mud Dauber
They use mad and their vomit to set up their nests. These nests are found on walls, cliffs, bridges and shelter cliffs. The nests have cells for housing the eggs, for shelter and for keeping prisoners like spiders.
The caddisfly makes its own nest under water. Its salivary glands secretes a sticky substance to spin pebbles, sand and other materials that it uses to build the nest. The larva inhabits in ponds and streams. Here, they use sand and any other material present as cover. They make an elegant structures, which they use as protective homes. These homes offer camouflage and stability, and ensures efficiency during respiration.